Leadership in times of crisis

The 17th of October marked a new era for Lebanon. The revolution which aimed at combating the unprecedented level of corruption had a very high cost. The level of uncertainty and volatility being witnessed since then has left its repercussions on the economic and financial level in a way that Lebanon hasn’t experienced during the civil war, post the assassination of late prime minister Hariri or even after July war 2006. Businesses are catastrophically suffering and the whole economy is in crisis. Classical leadership models won’t serve well in such critical times. Being Agile is not an option. Yet not all business leaders have what is required to be agile and to adopt the trendiest leadership models. Lebanon over the past 3 months has become a unique case study which demonstrates how leadership should be exercised during times of crisis.

Around 2,500 years ago, Heraclitus, a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, said, “The only constant in life is change.” Back then, Heraclitus was not able to refresh his Twitter or Facebook account to see that what was trending a minute ago would disappear from his timeline in few seconds.  In that era, the world was not disrupted by this many uncertainties, ambiguities, or complexities. The world was not interconnected as much, and consumers were not spoiled to the extent of updating their needs, wants, demands, desires, tastes, and preferences every so often. Despite all this, Heraclitus had the gall to talk about change!

With these new factors shaping our world, change has gained more momentum than ever before, which requires a kind of leadership responsive or adaptive to this change. Being a manager does not suffice; being a leader is indispensable. It is worth mentioning that even the leadership style that used to be trendy years ago has become obsolete in our new world of business.

Leadership in Action: Complexity

  • According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, organizations are launching more major change initiatives than ever before: three to five per year, on average.
  • The Corporate Executive Board reports that globally, half of employees expect a major change in six months.
  • IBM’s Global Chief Executive Officer Study shows that 79% of CEOs say that the level of uncertainty and complexity will get even higher; less than half say they are prepared to manage it.
  • Forum Global survey of 700 leaders shows that 72% of them report high or extremely high increases in uncertainty within their companies.
  • Forum VOC research indicates that twice as many business leaders say that “the ability to lead change” is a top business challenge as compared with 2010.

Triggers for New Forms of Leadership

  • The skills needed for leadership have changed—more complex and adaptive thinking abilities are needed.
  • The majority of managers have developed by virtue of on-the-job experiences, training, and coaching/ mentoring; while these factors are all still important, leaders are no longer developing fast enough or in the right ways to match the new uncertain environment. A global mindset is required to lead.
  • Companies are facing a development challenge, which is the process of growing “bigger” minds and developing more agility in dealing with problems.
  • The environment has changed—it is more complex, volatile, and unpredictable. In a study conducted by the Center for Creative Leadership, the environment in which leaders must work is characterized by the acronym VUCA. The letters stand for:
  • Volatile: Change happens rapidly and on a large scale
  • Uncertain: The future cannot be predicted with any precision
  • Complex: Challenges are complicated by many factors and there are a few single causes or solutions
  • Ambiguous: There is little clarity on what events mean and what effect they may have

Challenges for Future Leaders

  • Information overload due to complexity and the amount of factors that have an impact on businesses
  • The interconnectedness of systems and business communities
  • The dissolution of traditional organizational boundaries
  • New technologies that disrupt old work practices
  • The different values and expectations of new generations entering the workplace
  • Increased globalization, leading to the need for cross cultural leadership

Skills Required for Future Leaders

  • Reflecting the changes in the environment, especially since the competencies that will be most valuable to future leaders appear to be changing
  • Adaptability/agility
  • Self-awareness
  • Being culturally savvy
  • Constant learning and development
  • Collaboration 
  • Network thinking

Power and Leadership

Power is the ability to get someone to do something he or she would not do otherwise. Having an impact on the behaviors of employees to direct their efforts toward achieving a common goal or a shared vision is what leaders usually aim at. The form of power utilized defines whether the company and employees are being led or managed. In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John French and Bertram Raven in 1959, power has been divided into five separate and distinct forms:

  1. Coercive: uses the threat of force to gain compliance
  2. Reward: uses the right of some to offer or deny tangible, social, emotional, or spiritual rewards for others for doing what is wanted or expected of them
  3. Legitimate: uses the authority one has based on his or her position
  4. Referent: is rooted in the belonging one might have to a certain group, while sharing its values and beliefs to a certain extent
  5.  Expert: uses on one’s knowledge, experience, and special skills or talents. Expertise can be demonstrated by reputation, credentials certifying expertise, and actions

With the advent of information technology and knowledge economy, a new form of power gained momentum. Information power comes as a result of possessing knowledge that others need or want. Information can lead to a certain influence, impact decision making, establish credibility, and being in control. Providing rational arguments, using information to persuade others, and using facts and manipulating information can create a power base. The particularity of this form of power is that it is not linked to a position in the organizational chart. Any employee who possesses information that is needed to achieve the organizational goals is powerful. This leads us to a new form of leadership, which is distributed leadership.

When a person suffices oneself with coercive, reward, and legitimate power, one exercises a kind of managerial ability to run the business. However, when power evolves into the expert or informational kind, leadership starts to become more apparent.

Peter Drucker says, “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.” Leadership can be perceived as a process of social influence that maximizes the efforts of others toward the achievement of organizational goals.

97 thoughts

  1. Albert Einstein once said, “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change.” Change is inevitable and in times of a crisis, only true leaders and strong organizations can get through. Traditional leadership models cannot solve the problems of modern crises, responsive leadership is the only option and this is why some organizations suffer more than others. Change is expected and challenges are always there, this is why new skills are required for leadership. Leadership today is complex and for that reason, a global mindset is necessary along with adaptive thinking. Future leaders might suffer even more due to the never-ending technology development, complexity of businesses, etc… Thus, future leaders must be responsive, adaptable, and self-aware in order to succeed. Distributed leadership is the result of the ever-changing leadership dynamic which proves that traditional leadership would be obsolete in times of a crisis.

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  2. “Change is inevitable in life. You can either resist it and potentially get run over by it, or you can choose to cooperate, adapt to it, and learn how to benefit from it. When you embrace change, you will begin to see it as an opportunity for growth” Jack Canfield. Change is not always controllable, however the way we manage and react to change is what can be controlled. In times of crisis, classical leadership won’t serve its purpose and only strong leaders and organizations get through it by adopting effective leadership models which are critical to the organization’s success. Organizations should upgrade their processes and ensure that their employees develop and adapt to change in order to meet the various organizational needs, regardless if change was driven by technological developments, shifts in clients demands or competition. Leadership is considered to be complex, and those who are in charge are always in control thus, adaptability, self- awareness, global mindset and network thinking are all necessary skills to be pursued to guarantee success.

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  3. Lebanon has been in a disaster for years, but the revolution of October 17th brought it to the forefront. Economic crises, currency depreciation, unemployment, and a slew of other issues are the reason why i’m reading what’s written in this blog. It is critical that leaders’ perspectives on leadership change in order to prevent the world of business and the economic system from collapsing.
    This article discusses the critical position of leadership during times of crisis. A crisis should be seen as a true test of a leader’s effectiveness. Their qualifications are determined by their actions. In a crisis, a leader should demonstrate integrity, trust, and courage. In these times of crisis, leaders must be well-informed about the country’s current situation, attempt to adjust previous planning to suit the current situation, and ensure that the correct decisions are made about staff, insurances, planning, wages, and a variety of other responsibilities. The ability to persuade others to do something he or she would not otherwise do is known as power.
    A true leader will be humble enough to ask others how can he assist them or help them.

    I love how encouraging and motivational those words were chosen with strength and optimism for a better future in this post.

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  4. Change is constant, but that doesn’t mean it is easy. In Lebanon, new models of leadership are required as the traditional ones are not helping in solving the problems we’re facing during the economy crisis. The need to adapt changes is essential nowadays since the connections done around the world by the help of technology made changing needs, wants and desires faster. Thus, responsive leadership is needed so that they can adapt with the changes taking place recently. Leadership new models need to be introduced which can help stop or slow the economic system collapse.
    The leader must adapt quickly with the needs of the organization, help the employees and motivate them to achieve the goals stated regarding the changes that occurred. However, leaders are unable to develop fast enough which addresses the need for a global mindset to lead. Also, future leaders may find the fast technology development, globalization and the differences between the old generation and generation Z in workplace barriers standing in their way. That is why they should be adaptive, self-aware and collaborative. All in all a true leader should always be ready for a change especially in difficult circumstances.

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  5. The world is changing everyday: the population is changing, customer trends are changing, technology is changing and the economy is changing. Businesses who fail to embrace change can easily wind up as dinosaurs – out of touch and unable to compete under current trading conditions. so any company should think always stategicaly which means to make a strategic plan (flexible plan), always should change according to the outer situations and conditions. In Lebanon, for example companies which have flexible plans and dollars from business outside, can able to stand up in front of this disaster situation, whereas companies which are small and without B plan, sadly closed.

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  6. To improve is to change, to be perfect is to change often ‘Winston Churchill’. To make a change is hard to achieve especially if you are looking to improve a certain condition or working for a perfect change. Yet, change is fatal in life, it is something that cannot be managed or controlled. In the most critical times, classical leadership models are difficult to apply or to achieve change, this reflects the necessity of modern leadership models that are more expected to overcome all the competencies and work for a better future generation.
    Lebanon, in the recent two years has been highly in need of a new type of leaders with new thought and methods, leaders that are able to stand steadily in front the world biggest pandemics and local revolutions, leaders that use his/her authority, knowledge, experience and to establish credibility, and to use his/her information to persuade others for a better change, this leads to a new form of leadership which is distributive leadership.

    Thank you Doctor Hassan for sharing this interesting article, really beneficial and tackles reality

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  7. Over the course of history, many disasters have happened, that have shaped and/or broke many leaders around the world. Some of these disasters include but are not limited to, the 2010 Haiti earthquake which left over 220,000 dead and more than 60% of the country’s population in poverty. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, Fukushima Nuclear Disaster where over 20,000 people died and millions displaced from their homes due to nuclear radiation similar, the famous disaster of Chernobyl in Ukraine, the AIDS pandemic in 1981 claiming over 30 million lives which continues to claim many lives in many countries today, the H1N1 Swine Flu Pandemic which according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) has claimed over 570,000 lives, Ebola and last but not least COVID-19 which humanity continues to endure. My point is, with all these disasters, epidemics/pandemics, through hope and influence, leaders from around the globe have shown us the essence of leadership, leading us through the dark tunnels into the light and making us believe that this too shall pass. Times like these are where leadership skill sets are tested, and where new leadership skills sets are born.

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  8. History has always taught valuable lessons, Countries and Economies have emerged and grown from catastrophic disasters, some have fallen, and others are still trying to overcome and survive. The ability to change and shift business goals and objectives by building a business associated with Leaders that have the ability to enhance a business and its employees through continuous professional development in a multi-culturally diverse environment will succeed. The previous article focused on Leadership trends that should be adapted in organizations and which are a key to the success of any organization. These trends do not exist in most businesses in Lebanon and therefore the disaster and change that struck Lebanon had a negative impact on them. Yet other companies broadened their horizon and adapted to the constant change and have even managed to expand their business.

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  9. Lebanon is a great example of how leaders influence the success or the failure of the organization, and how change is vital to development and growth. COVID-19 pandemic was a worldwide example that reflected the ability of each country to face and solve obstacles, even some great countries stumbled in dealing with the pandemic in a proper way. Lebanon suffered not only medically but financially, economically, and politically and this is due to years and years of bad choices and rooted corruption of the political leaders the succeeded for years. As Brian Stace said: ” The true test of leadership is how well you function in a crisis.” Maybe these leaders served well in the civil wall era but Lebanon today needs a new figure of leaders that serve the 20th century needs of the country and citizens. Our country doesn’t need leaders that offer religious protection anymore, we need leaders that encourage productivity, technology, human rights, and creativity. To achieve this change the revolution must start from small businesses and let the ripple grow wider to include major companies so that new mentalities are formed differently from what was believed to be the best way to lead which is by controlling people because of controlling the life resources on the contrary people must be given the freedom to think by themselves and be encouraged to produce and create.

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  10. In light of the crises that have occurred and are still occurring in lebanon, we have reached a stage of complete collapse , especially for companies, which made more than 60% of them close their companies in Lebanon and go outside . The reason for this is that they don’t accept or resort to a change in the leadership of the company and surrender to the economic situation in Lebanon , which made the employees more vulnerable and resigned to difficult circumstances , and they are always afraid of losing their job.
    For that, the leader must have flexibility at work and to give positive energy to his/ her employees , and he/ she must also have confidence in himself/ herself , and in him/her employees. Their competence and their ability to develop and succeed through changing the plan of the companies according to the current Situation with the help of his/her employees to do it correctly.

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  11. Everything in the world is changing, the population, customer trends, economy, and the environment. Leaders should face these changes by finding new solutions which are suitable to the recent situations. Leaders should be more active, strong and flexible than before. Also, they shouldn’t be afraid, instead they should be brave and help the people in crisis time.

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  12. The way a leader behaves and acts during a crisis will determine whether or not they are a good leader. Every crisis is unique so there is no handy manual that help leaders to know how to act in such cases. Employees require someone on whom they can rely, not someone who must be reassured. So, it is necessary for leaders to look like they are masters of the situation and know how to act and behave. To achieve exceptional results, leaders must be flexible, adaptable, emotionally intelligent and relationship-oriented, open-minded and supportive collaborators seeking out diverse approaches and breaking down traditional non-functioning barriers.

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  13. This is a great informative article that tackles leadership from a modern perspective and in a way that is very relevant to the situation we are living in Lebanon, specifically, and to the global challenges that the whole globe is facing. The author highlights the importance of adapting to change, which is indeed a crucial quality that any CEO or even any person should have. We are usually afraid of change and of uncertainty, and once we are accustomed to a certain routine of doing things we hesitate before changing it. However, change is needed. In fact, it is inevitable, and we need to learn how to see it as a chance to reevaluate our previous plans or actions, outgrow them, and dig deeper to find more innovative and better suited strategies. This can only be achieved by following the point delineated in the above article which are mainly “Reflecting the changes in the environment,
    Adaptability/agility, Self-awareness, Being culturally savvy, Constant learning and development…”. I believe this piece on Leadership in times of crisis can be beneficial to anybody’s career whether they were CEOs, teachers, engineers, or any other profession.

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  14. This article represent very well the current situation of leadership that we are living in Lebanon and globally.
    Its been 2 years ago that Lebanon is suffering from many crisis on different levels( Economical, medical, political and social ) due to the pandemic of COVID-19 and the revolution in October 17th. All this factors had a direct impact on may companies in all sectors. Some companies closed, other fired their employees and some put their employees on a half salary. To be able to handle certain situation this article is very beneficial to CEO and Executive managers at this stage ; it show us the trigger for new forms of leadership, the skills required for future leader and the challenges they might face.
    ” Anyone can lead when the plan is working. The best lead when the plan falls” . Robin Sharma.

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  15. Generations after generations, humans have concluded that ‘change is inevitable’, what was trendy yesterday may not exist tomorrow. Any enterprise has to be aware of this phenomenon, regardless its high yearly income, since change is affected with many factors such as demographic changes, new governmental regulations, market rivalry…without having the best leadership skills, such enterprise may not make it tomorrow. As living in Lebanon, I have noticed the rise and the fall down of many companies especially nowadays, where a pandemic is affecting the whole world, adding the economic crisis affecting Lebanon. Organizations with traditional leadership skills couldn’t make it, while others who have adopted new skills in leadership have risen. Good leaders are those who are self-aware and work on motivating others to develop their skills, in order to work harder and put their potentials in achieving their goals. As John C. Maxwell said ‘A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way.”

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  16. Very interesting and rich article. It is said that “Disasters can make or break a leader”, with the aftermath of the Lebanese revolution, the pandemic, the explosion, the economical collapse…It was clear that crisis management, crisis training, different scenario analysis…were crucial elements to consider which help employees through working in coherent teams to be prepared for stress management, dispute settlement, problem solving, conflict resolution and many more.
    Understanding industry shifts is crucial for leaders to keep pace with the rapid changes. Despite the obstacles and alterations, the certainty is to lead the way in flexible working, prioritizing employee engagement and well-being, all whilst adopting evolving technology to support effective management.

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  17. Unfortunately, Lebanon is now one of the countries struggling as a result of the pandemic and the crisis that began on October 17, 2019. CEOs should have now different leadership qualities in order to rescue their companies and employees. Intelligence management is the most powerful source of authority, even though it does not ensure success for the same person for a long period of time; depending on the goal, such a person is worth giving power to in order to achieve the desired aim.

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  18. I enjoyed reading your article, it was well-written and well-researched. Unfortunately, Lebanon is currently experiencing an ongoing economic, social, political, and physiological crisis. The most pressing issue confronting Lebanon and the rest of the world today is how to keep your company afloat in the COVID-19 era. This massive, dangerous, and risky challenge necessitates a new breed of leader, as well as unconventional thinking methods. In order to succeed as a crisis leader, the leader must be trendy, have a global outlook, represent openness to globalization, and be characterized by dynamic network thinking. To address such problems, a leader must constantly update himself with new information, tactics, technology, and cultural diversity, because what worked in the past will not work today, the previous generation is different from today’s, and the future generation will be different, and a leader must be open to change.

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  19. Companies have to take strong steps to counter this situation at least for two years. There is a huge responsibility for Human Resource managers to maintain the motivation of all employees and make them more productive and efficient. Companies HR managers are still working on this transition of work from home. They have to consider the calmness and mental state of all employees because every employee would not be from the same cities.Eventually, In this transition of work from home, HR managers are working on the priorities of their work because pressurizing the employees in their work would affect their well-being and efficiency as a manager doesn’t know one’s personal situation in this pandemic of COVID-19.

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  20. It is worth noting the difference between a manager and a leader in terms of ability to handle change. A manager is always a manager ( one of his/ her functions) while a leader isn’t always a manager. With the increased level of uncertainty and complexity in the Business environment, employees are more faced with stress and job turnover. A leader here should have control, adaptability, self-aware and a global mindset to smoothly address the change. Forms of traditional leadership won’t serve a purpose, leaders should start by knowing their strength, reflect on the situation and focus on the personal forms of power ( expert and referent ). These forms of power increase the dependence of their followers on them in a way that leads to the greatest good for all. The Lebanese situation has never been as severe. Lebanon is seeing a crisis in different dimensions with the economic crisis, declining the dollars supply against the Lebanese Lira, unemployment, and expensive living conditions. In this case, new leadership models should be implemented . While technology plays a huge role in addressing change, the Lebanese case is different where leaders should be able to be high emotionally intelligent to quickly monitor and adapt, has global mindset and able to motivate his/her people. “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change” -Albert Einstein. This quotation made me realize that while forms of addressing change are varied, change has always existed and constant that needs to have a special attention

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  21. Resiliency is not about how strong you are, it is about your ability to recover quickly after tough times. From the very first day of my life, I have learned how to be resilient in Lebanon. With each and every day, the Lebanese people learn how to navigate their ways ways through the worst. Yes , life isn’t easy, and success is associated with power and innovation. It is all a process of adapting well in the face of adversity. Recently, with the imposed restriction on mobility, employees were forced to work from home. And this wasn’t as easy as it appears. It was not about doing the same thing from home. It was about managing how to work from home with all accompanying distractions. Thus, companies who have great HR managers have proved a smooth and successful transition of work.

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  22. In the past two years, Lebanon had faced complex changes that left a catastrophic impact over its economy. Many organizations had resided to closure due to the failure in adapting to the new changes. These crises had emphasized the importance of adopting new forms of leadership other than the traditional ones. In times like these, the fundamental characteristics of leadership change dramatically, preferring agility of thought, teamwork, adaptability, self and cultural understanding, and the ability to deal with the future’s uncertainty and instability. Facing future challenges with complexity and ambiguity requires a global mindset. An effective leader has to possess an information power; it is the access to power that influence others in the company. By providing rational arguments with a power base, a leader will have the ability to persuade others and impact their decision. Every employee in the institution is nominated to be a leader by the knowledge base acquired and the ability to constantly develop the skills in response to the dynamic changes. A good leader must always be prepared to deal with any problem that arises. Problems’ solutions are not cook-book recipes, what worked in the past most likely won’t work today. Each generation is unique due to the norms that shape it. Leaders must seize this opportunity to learn new skills, foster creativity, and improve their teams while avoiding disastrous consequences.

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    1. Changes, no matter whether they seem good or bad at the time, will teach us something new. After the events of oct. 17 2019, lebanon witnessed the unexpected. Till now, we’ve been passing through a dark cloud that requires emergical response. “Change” is what most of us fear yet,it might bethe only way of salvation. External change makes you more flexible, more understanding and prepares you for the future. Just as internal change will encourage you to progress. Adapting new forms of leadership, empowering employees in organizations and possess true leadership skills are what we truley miss in our society.

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  23. Leader flourish in times of crisis.The true test of leadership does not take place when everything is running smoothly. Rather, during a crisis, leadership is frequently pushed to the limits. The way a leader acts and behaves throughout a crisis will determine whether or not they are a true leader.There is no good handbook that can help a leader through a crisis. That’s because, while certain practices can be put in place to prevent a crisis from occurring, each new crisis is unique in its own nature, with its own set of issues, and will necessitate a different approach than the last one. Because emergencies are so unpredictable, leaders frequently don’t have enough time to prepare.Everyone turns to a leader for guidance or reassurance during a crisis. If a leader portrays fear and uncertainty, that uncertainty spreads like an infectious disease to everyone else. This is why it is critical for leaders to appear to be in control of the situation. Employees require someone they can trust, not the other way around. Confidence is not the only thing leaders need to display. Honesty is key as well. There is no time to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of a decision at a comfortable pace. Leaders who take action, are proactive, and are willing to alter their decisions to fit the needs of the moment are more likely to survive a crisis than those who chose to wait and wait and not take action.Don’t ignore or escape a crisis when it occurs. Instead, confront it directly on and use it as a catalyst for transformation. A crisis is always an opportunity to admit mistakes, assume accountability, grow and change.

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  24. History is full of names of successful and powerful leaders in all aspects who have led followers into reaching their goal. I believe that some great leaders are born with a special spice, not to mention consistent handwork and learning every day. Especially in the 21st century where there are and will always be new trends, challenges and skills to learn in order to stay on track. These trends are shown in the article: “coach and be coached, it is a millennial world, create a diverse work environment, development (vertical, ownership and collective)”. A final thought a good leader should build a clear vision with clear goals and directions for the team.

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    1. The real test of a leaders is in times of crisis, and the way they approach such unpredictable problem shows if they are good or poor leaders. If we go back in time there had been numerous crisis, disastrous, natural, economical and so on. Even before October 17th and when the pandemic (covid-19) hit we realize that there was a sick economy, which then resulted in a shift where everyone started working and studying from home. Referring to the article there are new forms of leadership since the skills needed have changed the environment where it is “complex, volatile and unpredictable”. I strongly agree with what was written in the blog especially concerning the skills required for future leaders.
      “Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other”. – John F. Kennedy

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  25. Corruption accumulated throughout time, resulting in the current Lebanese economic, social, political and psychological status, which has tipped the scales in all sectors. This necessitated a tremendous effort on the part of the leaders to proceed with the growth of institutions and people. Furthermore, the leader can change and adapt in the face of hardship. Changing requires strategic thinking in making decisions and solving problems that cannot be solved “business as usual”, as well as the adoption of helpful takeaways and the change that is occurring around us. Employees should not be pushed to say “Yes” to the concept in the crisis era, instead, leaders should encourage and persuade them to say “Yes” via information and logical reasoning, in the name of “managing things and leading people”.

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  26. The world is changing and everyday .We have a new generation coming .So in order for the bussiness to work it needs to follow the trends and be able to keep up with the new world the leader must be aware of these changes and embrace them is his work this allows the bussiness to take off and also makes the leaders life more easy .After all ,overtimes has its own trend .

     

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  27. Lebanon has experienced a number of crises , particularly between the years 2019 and 2021 . In this scenario, the entire lebanese population was suffering from the collapse of the economy, with the “lowest salary with the highest prices” . In this case the leader has to find many ways and decisions using leadership’s skills to lead all the kind of crises, but the most important thing,the leader should be fair and friendly ,flexible and more carefully about all the decisions , and should be empowering individuals and groups to be more productive and successful.
    Because of this rapid environment that we are living in,the leader must be smart and flexible to adapt to all these crises and changes by thinking in a strategic and proactive way.

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  28. Although this article is very important in building and directing a new style of leadership that differs from the traditional one that fails to keep pace with global changes, but it was not placed in the context for which it was presented (i.e., leadership in times of crisis).
    It is true that it was presented from beautiful and useful ideas for future leaders and introduces them to the pattern of global economic environments, but it lacked the link with the Lebanese crisis that was mentioned in the introduction and how it can be addressed, or even how the new economic leaders can be involved in the political process and the peculiarities of the business environment in the Lebanese composition Current.
    It was a successful article on the level of entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurship only !!

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  29. The article above clearly communicates what mindset is needed concerning a new leadership approach in an unpredictable world. Dr. Younes successfully mapped this new approach with the Lebanese deep situation which asks for a quick intervention as soon as possible.

    The author concluded his article with a statement by Peter Drucker who says, “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.” This is totally true and in particularly if I want to map it with the information addressed by Dr. Youness concerning the mindset, skills and talents required to be in a leader. If the leader is capable of handling new technologies that disrupt old practices, acquainted to interconnectedness of systems and business communities, flexible, and aware of the increased globalization, then the leader is ready to embark on the journey of future leadership. Concerning the skills needed by future leaders addressed by the author, I could relate this as the author did, with the situation in Lebanon. To clarify, who are the leaders in the country that are aware of such sills as collaboration, agility, and higher order thinking skills?

    As a result, if the upcoming Leaders in Lebanon do acquire and practice such skills and are aware of the challenges that will master the era of development, then the situation will stay as it is. Hence, followers mentioned by Peter Drucker should also be aware if those skills mentioned by the author are possessed by their leader or the person whom they follow.

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  30. The outbreak of a crisis cannot proceed unhinged if we are aiming at maintaining a livelihood that does not annihilate our present mode of existence and the young generation’s hopes regarding the future. Change becomes a necessity for survival and adaptability is our new way out of the socio-economic dilemmas arising from such an event. Thus, a new vision is highly demanded of the leading figures within every sector of the community; and consequently, business units are in massive need for leaders with new visions. In fact, this is the sort of intervention needed to diffuse one of the hardest socio-economic crisis that Lebanon has known throughout its existence.
    However, while these aforementioned circumstances seem to hinder growth and development – and while uncertainty and complexity seem to strike dead the progress of the business-community – the possibility of rising anew is still at hand. Briefly, let me emphasize on the fact that expanding our view to a global, all-inclusive perspective regarding identifying new threats and new challenges while looking for the corresponding mitigating measures and complex solutions can be the way out. Wide and realistic cultural changes should be recognized; new lessons arising the freshest of experiences must be applied.
    For all this, with new perspectives there comes the new mode of power within communities; a mode that does not operate in accordance with classic types of power like the sense of belonging or coercion; nay, it’s the realistic knowledge of the suitable information that can operate through logical persuasion and the sense of knowledge acquisition. The modern world presents an infinite flow of information, and it is every leader’s job to make use of this flow and acquire new forms of power.

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  31. “The only constant in life is change.” Heraclitus, a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. People can change over the years, and that changes situations for GOOD or for BAD. With the passage of time, it often requires changes. This changing creates revolution that may be beginning to see it as an opportunity for growth or to hold back. Change is expected and challenges are always there, that’s why leadership should face these changes and to have a highly and new skills to overcomes the changes.

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  32. Knowing the use of leadership skills is not only on normal days when there are no problems, but rather is in leading the crises and changes that occur in the situation, whether economic or security, and the leader is not alone able to overcome difficulties, but he needs a strong team, so he must encourage them to use their forces and skills. And he must observe all the skills he has among the team members, that is, not to set limits for any opinion. Every suggestion can be useful to solve the problem and the leader must always put in front of him the goal that he wants to reach in order to know how to use his strength and overcome weak things from In order to reach his goal and succeed in achieving it.

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  33. “The only constant in life is change” how much this quote reflects the situation of the real world and on point. Change always occurs every day and everywhere. In seconds, the whole situation of something can change, either for the best or for the worst. Since life is uncontrolled and always exposed to different kinds of change, every human being must learn how to adapt to any change. Mainly, the business managers and workers must learn how to adapt to the change and to be good leaderships to keep the continuous success of their organizations. They should always be ready for sudden changes or crises that may happen and to be ready to find the solutions for them. As Einstein said that “for every problem there is a solution “, so they must think intelligently for the suitable solution for the problems they may face. In the case of covid-19 we saw lots of organizations closed their doors because they didn’t know how to adapt with such big change and they used the traditional model in adapting to it, this led them to failure because the leadership style that used to be trendy years ago has become obsolete in our new world of business. This emphasizes the importance of continuous learning of the modern and powerful leadership skills, so the challenges couldn’t be any more as a disaster, but they will be interesting to overcome them and an opportunity for development For me, I always welcome any change because I know that there is a big lesson or benefit behind it .Changes are here to strengthen us not to destroy us.

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  34. “If you’re in bad situation, don’t worry it’ll change. If you’re in a good situation, don’t worry it’ll change” (John A. Simone, Sr). Changes are a fixed truth in our life similarly in business. Indeed, leadership is the cornerstone for the organization in times of crisis by ensuring that everything is under control by the ability to feel the signs of crisis and be careful to advice the employees with the suitable decisions according to tips must the leader use.

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  35. The unprecedented confrontation that stroke Lebanon lately compelled leaders not to emulate the practices they witnessed before, and in my perspective, mindless leadership during crisis time is refused since it paralyzes the recovery and disrupts the company thrives. Evidently, the assassination of Lebanon starting from the health crisis, moving to the Beirut explosion, and ending in the economic disaster has inflicted leaders to shift their styles and move forward by adopting mindful skills that guarantee their survival and ensure their company’s competitive advantage. The key features underlying the new leadership skills depend on re-connection, trust, patience, acceptance, presence, as well as regular communication. The creativity of crafting all these skills together will inevitably speed the change toward adapting to the status quo and managing human resources effectively and efficiently.

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  36. The unprecedented confrontation that stroke Lebanon lately compelled leaders not to emulate the practices they witnessed before, and in my perspective, mindless leadership during crisis time is refused since it paralyzes the recovery and disrupts the company thrives. Evidently, the assassination of Lebanon starting from the health crisis, moving to the Beirut explosion, and ending in the economic disaster has inflicted leaders to shift their styles and move forward by adopting mindful skills that guarantee their survival and ensure their company’s competitive advantage. The key features underlying the new leadership skills depend on re-connection, trust, patience, acceptance, presence, as well as regular communication. The creativity of crafting all these skills together will inevitably speed the change toward adapting to the status quo and managing human resources effectively and efficiently.

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  37. We are raised to the idea that leadership is confined to people with power, authority, money or a specific position while in fact leadership can arise from anywhere or anyone that has the ability to meet the required needs and goals of the organization. In a world of constant change leaders are asked to get out of their comfort zone and adapt a new way of thinking cause in fact each situation require a new model of leadership that’s different from the other. And for that leaders must keep learning and developing skills, and following new trends so they can surpass this future challenges. To end with true leaders are declared in the times of crisis by their ability to adapt to change and agility in handling problems. Thank you Dr Hasan for sharing with us such informative and beneficial article.

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  38. History is a lesson. Although many countries have been destroyed from many disasters happened, but they are trying to overcome it and stand up again. Covid-19 is an obstacle that faces Lebanon and other countries and it destroyed them but they were able to solve it and face this pandemic issue using suitable ways. The hard exam is when a leader stands in front of these crises and try to solve them. Leadership in such situations must be encouraging and productive. Leaders should have highly positive power and self-confidence to overcome such obstacles. To be a successful leader he/she must deal with these crises and try to act in brave during it to be a good leader for people. Thank you doctor for this informative article.

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  39. Lebanon has passed by many crises that managers in different field weren’t expecting and thus unfortunately weren’t able to cope with and lead their employees. Personally, I do believe that the most affected sector was related to the educational institutions where principles and coordinators were in shock at the beginning of October 17 with the roads closed and students being unable to reach the school. These leaders back then didn’t think of a rescue plan because they thought this will end soon. Unexpectedly, the pandemic hit and school were obliged to shut down, that is when they started thinking of an ultimate educational strategy. I do agree that true leaders are the ones who expect the change and be ready for it rather than living in their comfort zone and repeating the same strategies over and over. A true leader must be educated, wise and expert in his/her field along with having the ability to encourage his/her employees to achieve the main goals and coping with any new strategy to be implemented especially during crises.

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  40. Knowing how to use leadership skills is important not only on normal days when there are no problems, but also when there are crises and changes in the situation, whether economic or security-related, and the leader is not alone in being able to overcome challenges; he needs a strong team, so he must encourage them to use their forces and skills. And he must keep track of all the talents he has among the team members, including the ability to establish no boundaries for any perspective. Every idea may help solve an issue, and the leader must constantly have the objective in front of him in order to know how to use his strengths and overcome his weaknesses in order to attain his objective and succeed in attaining it.

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  41. Since October 17 hundreds of us took to the streets calling for change. Today, the crisis is still there and the economic situation is getting worse. Thus, we are in need for a new model of leadership that can help in solving these problems or in reducing this crisis that we are suffering from. An effective leader must have some skills, such as self-awareness, adaptability, network thinking and collaboration.

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  42. The Lebanese crisis is a great example on the importance of adaptability and the ability to respond to change. An effective leader is the one who observe closely the situation, expect the change and prepare a rescue plan that can minimize the company’s losses. Because change is more frequent nowadays, leaders are facing bigger challenges and obstacles which might be hard to overcome with limited skills, that’s why a true leader is a lifelong learner who is constantly improving through developing leadership skills. I believe that, an effective leader is capable of taking the right measures during any unpredicted crisis and can contribute to saving and improving the company.

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  43. Over decades, the world faced a lot of challenges such as economic crises, disasters, wars, and others. Now in Lebanon, we have a strong economic crisis that requires excellent leaders to change this situation and to help employees to work in an effective way. Leaders have to be creative, adaptable with the crisis to manage this phase smartly, flexible, open-minded, and supportive. I suggest Carlos Ghoson as a leader of this phase, he has a lot of experience in entrepreneurship, management, leadership, and he is a very smart person.
    he can manage multi-organization in order to improve them and to teach Lebanese people his skills in leadership and management.

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  44. The revolution which aimed at combating the unprecedented level of corruption had a very high cost.
    Yet not all business leaders have what is required to be agile and to adopt the trendiest leadership models.
    Lebanon over the past 3 months has become a unique case study which demonstrates how leadership should be exercised during times of crisis.
    Around 2,500 years ago, Heraclitus, a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, said, “The only constant in life is change.” Back then, Heraclitus was not able to refresh his Twitter or Facebook account to see that what was trending a minute ago would disappear from his timeline in few seconds.
    In that era, the world was not disrupted by this many uncertainties, ambiguities, or complexities.
    A global mindset is required to lead.
    Companies are facing a development challenge, which is the process of growing “bigger” minds and developing more agility in dealing with problems.
    The environment has changed—it is more complex, volatile, and unpredictable.
    The form of power utilized defines whether the company and employees are being led or managed.
    Information power comes as a result of possessing knowledge that others need or want.

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